“Shabby makeshift shelters built out of rags stretched across thorn-bush frames are squeezed alongside the comparatively spacious UN tents. The constant press of humanity, of people absolutely everywhere all the time, feels utterly overwhelming.” – Credit to Peter Greste with Al Jazeera.
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Dolo Ado refugee camp is found at the southeast corner of Ethiopia which is 40 kms north of the Kenyan border and five kilometers from Somalia. The camp mainly consists Somali refugees who fled civil war and the great East African drought. Based on realities on the ground, Peter Greste of Al Jazeera equates Dolo Ado refugee camp with the vision of hell on the earth for various reasons. It is extremely hot -“more than 40 degrees centigrade in the shade in the shade – if one can find it – with a constant dust and wind”. The number of new arrivals in the camp is over 2000 per-day. The transit center at the camp consists over 14,000 people which is beyond its capacity. Originally it was “intended for one-tenth that number”. The camp suffers from lack of basic necessities. Lack of food remains chronic, and people sleep in shabby makeshift shelters and all over the bush.
The UN and other humanitarian agencies are not ready for the vast influx of refugees all over Somalia. The tiny Dolo Ado refugee camp is not prepared either to accommodate the flood of refugees or to provide logistical support for all of them. According to the reports of Peter Greste, with Al Jazeera, “the pictures emerging from the Horn of Africa seem to show helpless hoards of Somalis. They suggest an entire nation on its knees, begging bowl meekly pushed forward, entirely dependent on others for all their most basic needs.”
One of the most striking events and heart breaking issues across the refugee camps in the world, particularly in Dolo Ado is that the inappropriate location of the refugee camps and the suffering of children, elderly, and women. Most of the time refugees and their camps are located in the remote and non productive desert lands unlike the majority of the population in the host countries. Thus refugees are punished twice: in their homeland as well as in their host countries. In the first place, refugees flee their country mainly because of human rights violation, natural disasters, and to name the few. Secondly, after their arrival in the host countries they are allocated in a desert areas which are non productive agricultural lands and mistreatment from some of the inhabitants is also part of the refugee life. The same is true for all of the Dolo Ado refugees at Ethio-Somalia Border.
Refugee and humanitarian crises around the world, particularly in the less developed countries and non democratic countries will continue. Most of the less developed nations could not have the capacity to protect global warming such as the current drought in East African. Non democratic countries – especially the countries across the Middle East and Sub Saharan Africa – also do not seriously respect human rights for their fellow citizens. This in return causes the vast influx of refugees. In the case of Somali refugees across East Africa particularly in Dolo Ado refugee camp is caused by human rights violation in Somalia through civil war, and the drought which is most likely aggravated by global climate change.
Our world is facing a historically unparalleled humanitarian crisis in these refugee camps, particularly at Dolo Ado and the rest of East African refugee camps which is caused by Human made and natural disaster. How can the world would solve and stop such kind of humanitarian crisis ??